設為首頁收藏本站聯絡我們Contact US網站導覽|簡體中文

[49卷2期] 無花果之授粉行為及結果習性

查看: 1491|回覆:0
分享作者: TSHS 發表於 2013-8-9 21:24:21 |顯示全部樓層

文章名稱(中文): 無花果之授粉行為及結果習性
英文名稱: Pollination and Syconium Set in Fig (Ficus carica L.)
作者(中文): 洪寶瑩、陳右人
作者(英文): 洪寶瑩(Pou-Ieng Hong); 陳右人(Iou-Zen Chen)
卷期: 49卷2期
頁次: 151-163
中文摘要: 無花果(Ficus carica L.)的花序屬於隱頭花序(syconium),靠無花果蜂(Blastophaga psenes)授粉。花可分為雄花
英文摘要: Fig (Ficus carica L.) forms syconia and fig wasps (Blastophaga psenes) are needed for pollination. Fig is protogyny and there are three types of fig flowers: staminate flower, short-styled female flower and long-styled female flower. Fig wasps can lay eggs in the ovaries of short-styled female flower to form galls. Fig is divided into four groups according to its sex and pollination demand: Caprifig (Ficus carica var. sylvestris Shinn.), Common fig (Ficus carica var. hortensis Shinn.), San Pedro type (Ficus carica var. intermedia Shinn.) and Smyrna type (Ficus carica var. smyrnica Shinn.). Caprifig possesses staminate and short-styled female flowers. It is so-called male fig as it is functionally male. Caprifig produces three crops a year: mamme crop, profichi crop and mammoni crop. The other three types are female fig and only possess long-styled female flowers. Female fig may produce one or three crops annually, decided by climate. Common fig is completely parthenocarpy, however, pollination is necessary for San Pedo type to produce the main crop. Smyrna type is non-parthenocarpy. Vegetative parthenocarpy is characteristic of Common fig and San Pedo type, however, parthenocarpy in Caprifig is stimilative. Pollination carried out between male and female figs is known as caprification. Only the vegetative parthenocarpic varieties produce the breba crop as caprification occurs between the profichi crop and the main crop. Fig secretes volatile compounds when it is receptive in order to attract fig wasps. Although the identity of the volatile compounds is similar for both sexes, the total contents and the proportions of each component are apparently different and that is the major factor for fig wasps to distinguish the sexes of figs. However, fig wasps cannot choose between the two kinds of figs because of the different times of antheses. Therefore the symbiosis system can be maintained.
關鍵字詞: 無花果、無花果蜂、隱頭花序、授粉行為、單為結果; fig, fig wasp, syconium, caprification, parthenocarpy

49(2)151-163.pdf

644.49 KB, 閱讀權限: 10, 下載次數: 145

無花果之授粉行為及結果習性

歡迎加入台灣園藝學會

使用道具 舉報

最新消息 News
有益昆蟲在友善農耕之應用研討會

有益昆蟲在友善農耕之應用研討會

苗栗區農業改良場將舉辦「 有益昆蟲在友善農耕之應用研討會」 研討會時間:108年7月5日(星期五)上午9:30至下午4:50 研討會地 ...
【恭喜】羅筱鳳監事、李文立理事、劉明宗會友當選第43屆全國十大傑出農業專家

【恭喜】羅筱鳳監事、李文立理事、劉明宗會友當選第43屆全國十大傑出農業專家

恭喜 本會羅筱鳳教授(監事)、李文立主任(理事)、劉明宗課長(會友) 榮獲 第43屆全國十大傑出農業專家 榮銜! ...
108年智慧農業創新提案暨國際標竿行動學習計畫 公開招生 (6/28報名截止)

108年智慧農業創新提案暨國際標竿行動學習計畫 公開招生 (6/28報名截止)

108年智慧農業創新提案課程 行政院農委會自106年起正式推動「智慧農業計畫」,期能透過智慧化生產與管理,提升農業整體生產效率 ...

網站導覽|聯絡我們|Contact US|隱私權政策|服務條款|台灣園藝學會 Taiwan Society for Horticultural Science

DZX2版權所有 © 台灣園藝學會 TSHS ! All Rights Reserved | 建議網站瀏覽狀態為1024 x 768以上解析度;瀏覽器建議使用 IE9ChromeFirefox4.0 以上版本 , Processed in 0.045572 second(s), 19 queries .

回頂部